This site uses cookies to provide a better experience. Continuing navigation accept the use of cookies by us OK




Republic of Botswana Form of government Former British protectorate of Bechuanaland, it became Independent in 1966;
Capital: Gaborone;
Area: 600.370 KM²;
Population: 1,921,000 inhabitants (World Bank 2008);
Birth Rate: 25 births / 1,000 inhabitants (World Bank 2008);
Infant Mortality: 26 deaths / 1,000 live births (World Bank 2008);
Life expectancy at birth: 54 years (World Bank 2008);
Fertility Rate: 2.87 children per woman;
Ethnic Group: Tswana (o Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, others 7%;
Religion: Christians 71.6%, Badimo 6%, others 1.4% (2001 census);
Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), others 8.6% (2001 census);
Literacy: 83,3% (World Bank 2008)
Literacy rate of youth female (ages 15-24): 96,3% (World Bank 2008).

Political and Institutional Data:

Administrative Division:
9 districts and 5 town councils*: Central, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Jwaneng*, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Northwest, Northeast, Selebi-Pikwe*, Southeast, Southern;
National Day: Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30 September (1966);
Constitution: March 1965 (in force since 30th September 1966);
Legislative Organ: Bicameral Parliament, constituted by the National Assembly (61 seats, of which 57 elected through universal suffrage and 4 appointed by the majority party) and by the “House of Chiefs” (an advisory group constituted by representatives of the eight principal subgroups of the Botswana tribe);
National elections: October 2009. Next election due in October 2014;
Principal Political Parties: Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) [Festus G. MOGAE]; Botswana National Front (BNF) [Otswoletse MOUPO]; Botswana Congress Party (BCP) [Otlaadisa KOOSALETSE]; Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO];
Executive Organ: Head of State and the Government: President Ian KHAMA; Vice President: Mompati MERAFHE. The Government and the Vice President are appointed by the President, who is elected every 5 years.

Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama
Vice President: Lt. Gen. Mompati S. Merafhe

Cabinet Ministers

Finance and Development Planning:
Kenneth Mathambo
Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation: Phandu T.C. Skelemani
Environment, Wildlife and Tourism: Onkokame Kitso Mokaila
Infrastructure, Science and Technology: Johnny Swartz
Office of the President for Justice, Defense and Security: Dikgakgamatso R. Seretse
Office of the President for Public Administration: Lesego Motsumi
Trade and Industry: Dorcas Makgato-Malesu
Minerals, Energy and Water Resources: Ponatshego Kedikilwe
Lands and Housing: Nonofo E. Molefi
Local Government: Lebonamang T. Mokalake
Education and Skills Development: Pelononi Venson-Moitoi
Health: John Seakgosing
Transport and Communications: Frank Ramsden
Labour and Home Affairs: Peter L. Siele
Sports, Youth, and Culture: Shaw Kgathi
Agriculture: Christian De Graaff


Botswana has enjoyed one of the fastest growth rates in per capita income in the world since independence. It is one of few African countries, if not the only one, who successfully performed the transition from low – income country to middle – income country.

The National Development Plan (NDP10) started in April 2010, after a delay of one year due to financing difficulties. The revised plan envisages overall budget cuts of about 15% in real terms, owing to a decline in diamond exports in the first half of 2009 and the consequent fall in government revenue. NDP10 maintains the emphasis on economic diversification as the foundation for job creation and poverty alleviation. The diversification efforts will target six "hubs": agriculture, transport, the diamond industry, health, education and innovation.

The major income of Botswana’s economy is from the mining sector and particularly from diamonds. Botswana is the biggest producer of diamonds in the world, though, in the last trimester of 2009 diamonds export has slowed down.

Another important sector is agriculture. More than half of the population lives in rural areas and is largely dependent on subsistence crop and livestock farming. Agriculture meets only a small portion of food demand and contributes a very small amount to GDP, primarily through beef exports. Also tourism is an increasingly important industry in Botswana, since the country offers one of the world’s unique ecosystems.

The country’s welfare is not equally distributed and a great part of the population is affected by HIV/AIDS (the rate of people affected by HIV is one of the highest in the world). HIV has an effect on the economy and, for this reason, the government is providing programmes to combat the epidemic, including free anti-retroviral treatment and a nationwide Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission programme.


Since Botswana is a medium income country, it doesn’t have many bilateral cooperation programmes. The European Union has focused its cooperation activity on human resources development and poverty reduction through economic diversification and increasing competitiveness. In this framework, the cooperation activity of the European Union is based on the 10th EDF Country Strategy Report (CSP) and on the National Indicative Program (NIP).

In 2009, Seniores Italia implemented a programme aimed at specializing academic teachers in new multimedia technologies and at increasing students’ knowledge of digital video production.